Carroll got into the family's minivan around 12:30 a.m. Saturday after he and his wife had an argument at their Manteca home, said police spokesman Rex Osborn.
"She kind of goes with the van to try to stop him, gets up on the hood and is hanging on to the wiper blade," he said. "She obviously didn't think he would keep driving."
Carroll sped through Manteca, got on the freeway and didn't pull over until he reached Pleasanton, Osborn said.
Carroll's wife was picked up by a passerby and treated for hypothermia, and Carroll was arrested when he returned home.