At least four people died during violent anti-government demonstrations last week. Three — two protestors and one supporter of the government — were shot. Another was run over. Lopez is being charged with inciting violence.
Before surrendering, Lopez spoke to a crowd of thousands of supporters, saying, "I present myself to an unjust judiciary. They want to jail Venezuelans who want peaceful, democratic change," he said.
Lopez also called for his supporters to continue protesting inflation and nation-wide shortages — the country has run out of basic goods such as rice and toilet paper and there are empty shelves at pharmacies, according to Bloomberg.
Lopez surrendered and was transported to a military prison where a judge will decide if he should remain in jail or be freed.